The food you eat is broken down into sugar (glucose) and sent to your bloodstream. When your blood sugar rises, the pancreas releases insulin, which your cells use as energy.

When you have diabetes, your pancreas either produces too little insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it makes. Insulin is a necessary substance for transporting glucose to your body’s cells. This imbalance can cause significant complications, including kidney disease, heart disease, nerve damage, hearing impairment, and high blood pressure.

There are two types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 – Type 1 diabetes causes your immune system to attack your pancreas’ insulin-producing cells. This creates an insulin deficit, causing sugar to accumulate in your bloodstream instead of being carried to your body’s cells.
  • Type 2 Diabetes – Type 2 diabetes causes your cells to repel insulin, and your pancreas makes insufficient insulin to counteract this. As a result, insulin accumulates in your bloodstream.

Symptoms of both types of diabetes include:

  • Frequent urination.
  • Excessive thirst.
  • Ketones in urine (these are substances resulting from fat and muscle breakdown when there’s insufficient insulin).
  • Blurred vision.
  • Frequent infections.

Although diabetes can’t be cured, both types can be managed:

Type 1 Diabetes

  • Insulin (this is a form of insulin that replaces the insulin the body would usually produce).
  • Blood sugar monitoring.
  • Counting protein, fats, and carbohydrates.
  • Regular exercise.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Eating nutritious foods.

Type 2 Diabetes

  • Insulin therapy.
  • Blood sugar tracking.
  • Regular exercise.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Healthy meals and snacks.

Contact Us

GastroMD is one of the leading gastroenterology practices in the Tampa Bay area. We perform several diagnostic procedures using state-of-the-art equipment in a friendly, comfortable, and inviting atmosphere. Patient care is always our top priority – contact us today!