Intestine & Colon Conditions
View Intestine & Colon Conditions
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a chronic and often debilitating condition that affects the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The two most common forms of IBD are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Both conditions cause inflammation in the GI tract, leading to various symptoms and complications.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder characterized most commonly by cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea. IBS causes a great deal of discomfort and distress, but it does not permanently harm the intestines and does not lead to a serious disease, such as cancer.
Large Intestine/Colon Conditions
The large intestine, also known as the colon or large bowel, plays an important role in making and absorbing vitamins, absorbing electrolytes and water, and forming and transporting stool toward the rectum so that it can be expelled. When the large intestine is operating properly, this process smoothly takes place over the course of 24 to 30 hours.
What is Sigmoidoscopy?
If you experience specific symptoms such as abdominal pain, changes in bowel habits, or blood in your stool your doctor may recommend a procedure known as sigmoidoscopy. This procedure allows your gastroenterologist to examine the lower part of your colon (sigmoid) for abnormal conditions.